Immigration is a hot topic and often controversial in nature, right? Each year, hundreds of thousands of people move to the United States in search of better opportunities as well as the “American Dream”.
For a long time, the U.S. has taken pride in its rich cultural diversity because of the high number of migrants within its borders. However, the increasing population of foreigners in the country is becoming a problem.
On the other hand, some see the high number of immigrants in the country as an essential ingredient for its economic growth. So, is immigration favorable or should it be done away with?
Immigration poses a strain on the resources of a country. Primarily, people come to the U.S. in search for jobs. When immigrants come into the country, they usually work for cheaper wages.
As a result, workers already in the country find it difficult to get other opportunities. However, when individuals from poorer countries with fewer opportunities find work in the U.S., they are able to improve their lives as well as of those they left behind.
Immigration comes with social costs. Just like anyone else, immigrants need social services to live a comfortable life. They need access to education, transportation, hospitals, and other social amenities.
Because most of the immigrants generally receive lower remuneration as compared to Americans, they tend to use certain services more. Consequently, the rising number of people coming to the U.S. places an additional burden on government programs.
As much as immigration comes with its own problems, it should not be stopped. Foremost, many economists hold that if there were free movement of goods and services between two countries, their overall economy would be improved since they’ll be making the most out of their comparative advantages. So, immigration allows for the exchange of skills and experience that could be lacking or insufficient in one country.
Importantly, immigration has social benefits. Immigrants usually take the jobs that Americans cannot perform at the prevailing low wages.
It is not that Americans are unable to do them, but their return is low and thus cannot motivate Americans to take them. Therefore, immigrants usually carry out productive services that otherwise could have been left undone. This way, the economic growth of a country is sustained because of the readily available labor services.
If workers migrate from developing to more developed countries, they would enhance the economic growth of their countries through their remittances. Thus, developed countries will not be burdened by foreign aid.
Immigrants lower the rate of unemployment from their countries of origin and young people are able to boost their life prospects.
If they decide to go back to their countries of origin, migrants usually bring savings, expertise and international contacts essential for fueling the economic development of their countries of origin.
To this end, should we vote for or against immigration? Certainly, although immigration may seem to have some challenges, its benefits are far-reaching.
Where would the U.S. be were it not for the energy and innovation brought by immigrants? Besides being enriched by cultural diversity, the immigration of workforce enables a country to fill essential skills gaps necessary for sustaining its economic growth.
So, we should look past the challenges and see the possible benefits that immigration offers in the long run.