Folks who live in Maine might be thinking about getting married in Canada after their state voted down a law that would have allowed gay marriage. In fact, many U.S. gay residents go to Canada to take advantage of laws that have allowed gay marriage since 2005.
But they better hope they stay together. It's hard for same sex couples to get divorced after getting married in Canada.
While couples can easily go to Canada for a weekend and get married, the country has more strict requirements when its comes to divorce. The Canadian Divorce Act says that for a couple to get divorced in Canada, one person must have lived in the country for at least a year just before the divorce. Not surprisingly, people may not want to move to Canada for a year just so they can get divorced.
But staying home has its own problems. The reason a gay couple goes to Canada to get married in the first place is usually because their own state doesn't allow gay marriage. But if it doesn't allow gay marriage, it probably won't allow gay divorce either. So Maine residents who now go to Canada to get married, for example, won't be able to get divorced back in their home state.
So unless they happen to be very wealthy and have nothing better to do with their time than to hang out in Canada for a year, they really can’t get a divorce here. In other words, they are stuck in a divorce catch-22.
Couples married in Canada aren't completely out of luck because they can still go to one of the few states that allows gay marriage and divorce. But these states often have their own additional rules. Massachusetts, for example, also has a 1 year residency requirement similar to Canada's.
[Cross-posted at the Gay Couples Law Blog, which discusses same sex family law, estate planning, and taxes.]