Bradley Manning Makes Statement During Sentencing Phase of His Trial (Live Updates)
11:25 AM EST The Judge issued a ruling that much of militant Islam expert Youssef Aboul-Enein’s testimony on Al Qaeda was admissible evidence.
11:10 AM EST Cpt. Michael Worsley, a clinical psychiatrist expert and doctor that Bradley Manning had sessions with in Iraq, testified as defense witness.
After Manning punched Spc. Jihrleah Showman, he had a 1:30am session with Worsley where he opened up about his gender identity issues. May 8, 2010: Worsley diagnosed Bradley Manning with gender identity disorder.
Worsley conducted sessions where he diagnosed Bradley Manning as still having anxiety disorder and a personality disorder. Worsley: Being in the military and having gender identity issues “doesn’t go hand-in-hand.” It serves to further isolate Manning.
Worsley: Gender identity issues create an issue with “defining who you are as person” and figuring out “what role you play in the world.” He added: “The military [wasn’t] exactly friendly toward the gay community or anybody that held views as such.” Reflecting on gays in the military, Worsley said, “I don’t know that it’s [a friendlier environment] now, but it seems to be getting to that point.”
At that point (2010), being homosexual was a UCMJ violation. Worsley stated that Manning could’ve been court-martialed and put out of the military.
Worsley, the psychiatrist that Manning was meeting with, said that for Manning to share his gender identity issues with him was an “extremely difficult thing.” He said, “Put in a hyper-masculine environment, and with little support and few coping skills, the pressure would have been difficult to say the least. It would have been incredible.”
“Based on how the UCMJ is, there would never be a time that he would be able to be openly female” and be able to seek treatment. Regarding gender issues in the military, Worsley observed, “If you share any secret, it’s shared. You shine a light and it’s done. It’s out there.”
10:45 AM EST Nine documents have been released so far this morning from the US Army FOIA Electronic Reading Room, including the defense’s closing arguments slides and a redacted transcript (submitted like yesterday’s release of the 7/2 session in a barely legible gray) from the closed session on July first.
The Freedom of the Press Foundation has also uploaded yesterday’s 8/13 A.M. transcript with testimony from Gaab, CW2 Joshua Ehresman, CW2 Kyle Balonek and Paul Adkins.
9:46 AM EST For months during pretrial, the defense pushed for damage assessment reports to be turned over that they could use in the trial. The assessments included a State Department draft damage assessment report, an Information Review Task Force damage assessment report (done by a group formed by the Pentagon) and an Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive (ONCIX) damage assessment report. But, yesterday, the defense announced in court that they would not be using the reports as part of their sentencing case.
Pfc. Bradley Manning is expected to give a statement in military court at Fort Meade as part of the defense’s sentencing case in his trial. Two family members and a forensic psychology expert will be testifying as well.
It is unknown whether Manning will be giving an unsworn statement or if he will be taking the stand as a witness, who could be cross-examined by the government. Most likely, he will give a statement similar to the statement he gave when he pled guilty to some offenses on February 28.
Manning’s aunt, Debra Van Alstyne, and his sister will take the stand. Allthough details about his sister have appeared in the book by Denver Nicks, Private: Bradley Manning, WikiLeaks and the Biggest Exposure of Official Secrets in American History, she does not appear to have been named in the book, which means today her name will become known to the public.
Cpt. David Moulton will give testimony on the “mental condition” of Manning. He reviewed family background records, medical records from his time in the Army and at Fort Drum, medical records from his deployment in Iraq up to his arrest, chats with Zachary Antolak (Lauren McNamara), chats with hacker and government informant Adrian Lamo, his providence statement, and Moulton’s own interviews of Pfc. Manning.
The government filed a motion for the court to force the defense to turn over a report on whether Manning was fit to stand trial, which a sanity board had produced in April 2011. Typically, the defense would not be required to share the contents of the report with prosecutors. However, the judge ruledthe defense had to turn it over because they were going to have Moulton testify.
Yesterday, the defense brought out testimony from Lillian Smith of the US Army Information Technology Agency, who was directed to act as a subject matter expert for the case. Smith testified that Manning’s unit had created an “undisciplined environment when it came to being in compliance with information assurance practices.” In other words, there were many aspects of the facility that were left vulnerable to security violations, particularly because there was music, movies and games on the government network. [cont’d.]